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Take the Test Peoria High School: A History

When "The High School" first opened, there were a variety of grade schools operating in the Peoria area. To ensure that the incoming students would be on even academic footing, a test was given to prospective class members. In order to be admitted, students needed to score 75% or more on the test. Would you have made the cut?

NOTE: The historical archives did not include the "answer key" to this test so we have done our best to correctly answer each question. The questions were taken exactly as they appeared on the original test. Remember that the answers to these question must take into account the time period for the test. If we have made a mistake or if you have the answer to an unanswered question, please email us at wtvpmail@wtvp.org or post it to our Facebook page www.facebook.com/wtvp.org.

Good Luck!


1857 Peoria High School Entrance Exam

To pass you must answer at least 75 of the 99 questions correctly

Spelling


1. Spell the following words.

 

  • nationality

  • parallel

  • knight-errantry

  • mountainous

  • maneuver

  • separate

  • yacht

  • foreign

  • February

  • resent

  • daguerreotype

  • receipt

  • proceed

  • running

  • literary

  • quarreled

  • reference

  • dictionary

  • toward

  • inadequate

  • swimming

  • supersede

  • rain

  • rein

  • reign

Arithmetic


1. Express by figures the following number: Twenty billions, four hundred millions, six thousand, and ten.
Answer
20,400,006,010
2. If a man walks 4 miles, 3 furlongs, and 2 rods, in an hour, how far can he walk in 2 days of 10 hours each?
Answer
21 miles, 29 furlongs
3. What is the greatest common divisor of 286,429 and 715?
Answer
11 (286,429=11*13*2003 and 715=5*11*13)
4. Find the sum of ⅔ of ⅔, ˝ of 2/7 of 4/9, and 2˝, by reducing them to equivalent fractions having a common denominator.
Answer
7 (2/3 of 2/3=2/3 3/2=6/6=1 ˝ of 2/7 of 4/9=˝ 7/2 9/4=56/16=7/2=3˝ 1+3 ˝ +2 ˝ =7)
5. Divide 8⅓ of 4 of 7/12 of 21/25 by 4 ˝ of 7/5.
Answer
5 55/189
6. Reduce (2/5 X 10/12) ÷ (4˝ - 2/9) to a simple fraction.
Answer
6/77
7. Multiply .00097 by .000125.
Answer
0.00000012125
8. Divide .111856 by 3.5.
Answer
0.03195885712857128571285712857…
9. What must be paid for planeing 467,321 feet of boards at 37 cents a 1000?
Answer
$172.91
10. Add 4/7 of a ton to 9/19 cwt.; the answer must be in cwt., qrs., lbs., ozs., and drs.
Answer
1583/2660 tons; 11 120/133 cwt.; 1190 30/133 lbs.; 22414 18/133 ozs.; 38087 29/133 drs.
(We don’t think this is the answer format they meant as the above answers are the total for the unit of measurements mentioned. We also do not know the term "qrs".)
11. From ⅝ of bushel take 15/16 of a peck.
Answer
? [if you know the answer please let us know]
12. Find the sum of 3/4, 1/3, 1/15, in decimals.
Answer
1.15
13. What is the amount of $2,375.04 for 5 years, 5 months, and 5 days at 5 3/5 per cent?
Answer
? [if you know the answer please let us know]
14. What is the interest of $637.25 from July 20, 1852 to Sept. 13, 1856, at 8 per cent?
Answer
? [if you know the answer please let us know]
15. What is the bank discount of $75 for one year?
Answer
? [if you know the answer please let us know]

 

Grammar


1. What is orthography?
Answer
Definition 1
A: the art of writing words with the proper letters according to standard usage
B: the representation of the sounds of a language by written or printed symbols
Definition 2
: a part of language study that deals with letters and spelling
Reference Source
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary 10/8/10 http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/orthography
2. How are letters divided?
Answer
Vowels and Consonants
3. Define a diphthong.
Answer
Definition 1
: A gliding monosyllabic speech sound (as the vowel combination at the end of toy) that starts at or near the articulatory position for one vowel and moves to or toward the position of another
Definition 2
: digraph
Definition 3
: the ligature ć or ś
Reference Source
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary 10/8/10 http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/diphthong
4. How is the plural of nouns regularly formed?
Answer
With the addition of the letter S at the end of the word.
5. Write the plural of court-martial; house-top.
Answer
plural courts–martial also court–martials;
plural house-tops
Reference Source
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary 10/8/10 http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/court–martial
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary 10/8/10 http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/housetop
6. Give the names of the parts of speech.
Answer
Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, and Interjection
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parts_of_speech
7. Decline the noun man, the pronoun it.
Answer
man, men, man’s, men’s
it, its
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declension
8. How are adjectives compared?
Answer
Adjectives can be compared by degree either by suffixes –er and-est, or by more and most.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adjective
9. Compare the adjective little, kind, and obedient?
Answer
little, littler and littlest
kind, kinder and kindest
obedient, more obedient and most obedient
10. Name the relative pronouns and state how they are used.
Answer
who, whom, which, whose, and that
“A relative pronoun links two clauses into a single complex clause. It is similar in function to a subordinating conjunction. Unlike a conjunction, however, a relative pronoun stands in place of a noun.”
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relative_pronoun
11. What are the principal parts of the verb?
Answer
bare infinitive, past tense and past participle
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principal_parts
12. How are they formed in regular verbs?
Answer
conjugation (singular and plural of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person)
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verb_form#Factors_that_affect_conjugation
13. Give the principal parts of the verbs gild, lie, lay.
Answer
to gild, gild, gilt, gilt
to lie, lie, lay, lain (to recline) or to lie, lie, lied, lied (to prevaricate)
to lay, lay, laid, laid
Reference Source
cueFlash 06/02/11 http://cueflash.com/Decks/Irregular_Verbs_-_Principle_Parts/
14. Conjugate the verb to flee, in potential mode, past-present tense.
Answer
to flee, fled
15. What is the number of verb or pronoun agreeing with two or more nouns connected by a coordinate conjunction?
Answer
? [if you know the answer please let us know]
16. Define a sentence.
Answer
“A grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate, even if one or the other is implied, and typically beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop.”
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/sentence
17. Mention the different elements of which a sentence may be composed.
Answer
Sentences are composed of a subject and a predicate, and my also contain objects, complements and adverbials.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sentence_Grammar
18. What is an adverbial element?
Answer
“In grammar an adverbial is a word (an adverb) or a group of words (an adverbial phrase or an adverbial clause) that modifies or tells us something about the sentence or the verb.”
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adverbial

Correct the following sentences:

19. I love no interests but that of truth and virtue.
Answer
I love no interests but those of truth and virtue.
20. Let he and I read the next chapter.
Answer
Let him and me read the next chapter.
21. Grammar learns us to speak proper.
Answer
Grammar teaches us to speak properly
22. No people has more faults than they that pretend to have none.
Answer
No people have more faults than those who pretend to have none.
23. What is an attribute?
Answer
A word or a phrase that modifies a noun.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attribute

Parse the sentence:

24. The man who lives virtuously will be blest and happy in this life.
Answer
? [if you know the answer please let us know]

 

Geography


1. How many degrees from the polar circles to the pole?
Answer
roughly 23.5 degrees
Reference Source
WikiAnswers 06/02/11 http://wiki.answers.com/Q/
How_many_degrees_of_latitude_are_there_between_the_North_Pole_and_the_Arctic_Circle
2. How many from the equator to the tropics?
Answer
23°26′22″
Reference Source
WikiAnswers 06/02/11 http://wiki.answers.com/Q/
How_many_degrees_is_the_Tropic_of_Capricorn_from_the_Equator
3. What is latitude?
Answer
Imaginary lines that circle the globe running east and west, which are measured in degrees and are parallel to each other. They start at 0° at the Equator and end at 90° for the North Pole and -90° for the South Pole.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latitude
4. Upon what is latitude measured?
Answer
The number of degrees from the Equator.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latitude
5. What is longitude?
Answer
Imaginary lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole that measure east and west progression in degrees from the Prime Meridian (Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England).
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longitude
6. Upon what is longitude measured?
Answer
The number of degrees from the Prime Meridian. Starting at 0° ending at 180° with the notation of an east or west direction.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longitude
7. Where is the Torrid Zone situated?
Answer
Between the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere at approximately 23° 26′ 16″ ( or 23.4378° )N and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere at 23° 26′ 16″ ( or 23.4378° )S. Also known as the tropics or the tropical zone.
8. What causes the changes of the season?
Answer
The tilt of the Earth’s axis as it revolves around the Sun.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seasons
9. At what place does the sun rise first, Charleston or Boston? Give a reason for your answer.
Answer
Boston. Boston is further east then Charleston so if you accept the concept of the sun rising in the east and setting in the east Boston should be the first to see the sun rise.
10. Name the ten largest cities in the United States
Answer
Top 10 US Cities as of 1850 Census. (For reference Peoria had a population of 5,095 in 1850.)

Rank City State Population Notes
1. New York New York 515,547
2. Baltimore Maryland 169,054
3. Boston Massachusetts 136,881
4. Philadelphia Pennsylvania 121,376
5. New Orleans Louisiana 116,375
6. Cincinnati Ohio 115,435
7. Brooklyn New York 96,838 - Brooklyn would cease to be a city in its own right in 1898. It is now a borough of New York City.
8. St. Louis Missouri 77,860 - First Top 10 appearance of any city West of the Mississippi.
9. District of Spring Garden Pennsylvania 58,894 - Now a neighborhood of Philadelphia.
10. Albany New York 50,763 - Last appearance on top 10.
Reference Source
http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0027/tab08.txt
11. What are the principal religions in the world?
Answer
Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism
12. What religion prevails in North Africa?
Answer
Islam
13. Name the continents on the globe, and their great divisions
Answer
America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Antartica (North and South America was considered one continent by Americans up until WW2.)
14. What is a sea?
Answer
Answer: –noun
1. the salt waters that cover the greater part of the earth's surface.
2. a division of these waters, of considerable extent, more or less definitely marked off by land boundaries: the North Sea.
3. one of the seven seas; ocean.
15. What is a lake?
Answer
Answer: –noun
1. a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land.
2. any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil.
16. Name the oceans on the globe?
Answer
Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic, Indian, and Southern/Antarctic
17. How is Africa connected to Asia?
Answer
Isthmus of Suez
18. By what is Africa separated from Asia?
Answer
The Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Gulf of Aden
19. How are the United States bounded?
Answer
By Canada to the north, Atlantic Ocean to the east, Gulf of Mexico to the southeast, Mexico to the southwest and Pacific Ocean to the west.
20. Names of the States lying on the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico, beginning with the most Northern.
Answer
Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi Louisiana, and Texas
21. In what direction does the St. Lawrence flow?
Answer
The Saint Lawrence River flows in North East.
22. What river in North America flows into the Arctic Ocean?
Answer
Mackenzie River
23. Name the principal rivers of the Western Continent.
Answer
Mississippi, Missouri, Rio Grande, Colorado, Columbia, Sacramento and San Joaquin
24. What is the course of the Danube, and into what does it empty?
Answer
It starts in the town Donaueschingen, Baden and travels southeast through Central and Eastern Europe before emptying into the Black Sea.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danube_River
1854 Map of Europe: House Divided http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/30016/zoomify
25. Name the countries of Europe bordering on the Mediterranean, commencing on the west.
Answer
Spain, France, Sardinia, Corsica, Tuscany, States of the Church, Naples, Sicily, Austria, Turkey, and Greece.

 

History


1. What are some of the causes which led to the Revolutionary war?
Answer
Stamp Act of 1765, Tea Act, taxation, self-governance
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutionary_War
2. Give a brief account of King Phillip’s War.
Answer
It was a war between a Native American tribe in New England named the Wampanoag lead by Metacomet (called King Philip by the English colonists) and English colonists with their Native American allies. The war started in 1675 and end in 1676 with the killing of Metacomet (King Philip) by Puritan rangers lead by Major Benjamin Church. An official treaty was signed at Casco Bay in April 1678. The main causes of the war were trade, land, Native American identity and shifting Native American tribal alliances.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Phillip%27s_War
3. Where and by whom was the first settlement in the United States made?
Answer
The Virginia Colony of Jamestown in 1607 by the English.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamestown,_Virginia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States
4. To what nation did the first settlers of New York belong? New England? Pennsylvania?
Answer
New York was settled by the Dutch.
New England was settled by the Puritans (English Protestants).
Pennsylvania was settled by the Dutch.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puritan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pennsylvania
5. Give me the story of Charter Oak. Tell where it was.
Answer
In 1662 King Charles II granted the Connecticut Colony a degree of autonomy with the Constitution Charter. King James II wanted to consolidate the New England area into the Dominion of New England and sent Sir Edmund Andros to take the charter. So colonists hid the charter in an old oak tree.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charter_Oak
6. Write the name of the first white settler of Kentucky, and state some of his peculiarities and adventures.
Answer
Daniel Boone founded the Village of Boonesborough, Kentucky in 1775. He was a militia officer during the Revolutionary War. He was captured by the Shawnee, who later adopted him into their tribe. He was elected into the Virginia General Assembly during the war. After the war he worked as a surveyor and land speculator, but he fell deeply into debt he moved to eastern Missouri.
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/02/11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Boone
7. What English general during the Revolutionary War attempted to pass from Canada to New York, and what was his fate?
Answer
Major General Burgoyne.
In August 1777 Burgoyne moved south against the increasing quagmire of local resistance until, running out of supplies, he was forced to surrender at the battle of Saratoga on 17th October 1777.
Reference Source
http://www.britishbattles.com/american-revolution.htm
8. How many states, at the adoption of the Constitution, joined the Confederacy?
Answer
4: Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, &  Virginia
Reference Source
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_United_States_Constitution http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederate_States_of_America
9. When did the Colonies declare their independence, and who wrote the declaration?
Answer
July 4, 1776
The United States Declaration of Independence was written primarily by Thomas Jefferson.
Reference Source
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Declaration_of_Independence
10. Who were the Hessians?
Answer
The Hessian soldiers were 18-century German regiments hired through their rulers by the British Empire. Though used in several conflicts, they are most widely associated with combat operations in the American Revolutionary War.
Reference Source
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hessian_%28soldiers%29

 

End of Test

 

Source: Units of Measure Used


 

 

Units of length
International
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 inch (in) 2.54 cm
1 foot (ft) 12 in 0.3048 m
1 yard (yd) 3 ft 0.9144 m
1 mile (mi) 1760 yd 1.609344 km
Survey
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 link (li) 33⁄50 ft or 7.92 in 0.2011684 m
1 (survey) foot (ft)) 1200⁄3937 m 0.3048006 m
1 rod (rd) 25 li or 16.5 ft 5.029210 m
1 chain (ch) 4 rd 20.11684 m
1 furlong (fur) (ft)) 10 ch 201.1684 m
1 survey (or statute) mile[7] (mi) 8 fur 1.609347 km
1 league (lea) 3 mi 4.828042 km
Nautical
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 fathom (ftm) 2 yd 1.8288 m
1 cable (cb) 120 ftm or 1.091 fur 219.456 m
1 nautical mile (NM or nmi) 8.439 cb or 1.151 mi 1.852 km

 

Units of Area
Unit Units of Area SI Equivalent
1 square survey foot (sq ft or ft2) 144 square inches 0.09290341 m2
1 square chain (sq ch) or (ch2) 4356 feet2 (survey) or 16 sq rods/TD> 404.6873 m2
1 acre 43560 sq ft (survey) or 10 sq ch 4046.873 m2
1 section 640 acres or 1 sq mi (survey) 2.589998 km2
1 survey township (twp) 36 sections or 4 sq leagues 93.23993 km2

 

Units of capacity and volume
Volume in general
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 cubic inch (cu in) or (in3) 16.387064 mL[11]
1 cubic foot (cu ft) or (ft3) 1728 cu in 28.31685 L
1 cubic yard (cu yd) or (yd3) 27 cu ft 764.559 L, 0.7645549 m3
1 acre foot (acre ft) 43560 cu ft, 1613.333 cu yd 1.233482 ML, 1233.482 m3
Liquid volume
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 minim (min) ~ 1 drop or 0.95 grain of water 61.61152 μL
1 US fluid dram (fl dr) 60 min 3.696691 mL
1 teaspoon (tsp) 80 min 4.928921 mL
1 tablespoon (Tbsp) 3 tsp or 4 fl dr 14.78676 mL
1 US fluid ounce (fl oz) 2 Tbsp or 1.041 oz av of water 29.57353 mL
1 jigger (jig) 3 Tbsp 44.36028 mL
1 US gill (gi) 4 fl oz 118.2941 mL
1 US cup (cp) 2 gi or 8 fl oz 236.5882 mL
1 (liquid) US pint (pt) 2 cp or 16.65 oz av of water 473.1765 mL
1 (liquid) US quart (qt) 2 pt 0.9463529 L
1 (liquid) US gallon (gal) 4 qt or 231 cu in 3.785412 L
1 (liquid) barrel (bbl) 31.5 gal or 1⁄2 hogshead 119.2405 L
1 oil barrel (bbl) 42 gal or 2⁄3 hogshead 158.9873 L
1 hogshead 63 gal or 8.421875 cu ft or 524.7 lb of water 238.4810 L
Dry volume
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 (dry) pint (pt) 33.60 cu in 0.5506105 L
1 (dry) quart (qt) 2 pt 1.101221 L
1 (dry) gallon (gal) 4 qt or 268.8025 cu in 4.404884 L
1 peck (pk) 2 gal 8.809768 L
1 bushel (bu) 4 pk or 1.244 cu ft 35.23907 L
1 (dry) barrel (bbl) 7056 cu in or 3.281 bu 115.6271 L

 

Units of Mass
Avoirdupois
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 grain (gr) 1⁄7000 lb 64.79891 mg
1 dram (dr) 27 11⁄32 gr 1.771845 g
1 ounce (oz) 16 dr 28.34952 g
1 pound (lb) 16 oz 453.59237 g
1 US hundredweight (cwt) 100 lb 45.359237 kg
1 (short) ton 20 cwt or 2000 lb 907.18474 kg
Troy
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 grain (gr) 1⁄7000 lb av or 1⁄5760 lb t 64.79891 mg
1 pennyweight (dwt) 24 gr or 7.777 carats 1.555174 g
1 troy ounce (oz t) 20 dwt 31.10348 g
1 troy pound (lb t) 12 oz t or 13.17 oz av 373.2417 g
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