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When "The High School" first opened, there were a variety of grade schools operating in the Peoria area. To ensure that the incoming students would be on even academic footing, a test was given to prospective class members. In order to be admitted, students needed to score 75% or more on the test. Would you have made the cut?

NOTE: The historical archives did not include the "answer key" to this test so we have done our best to correctly answer each question. The questions were taken exactly as they appeared on the original test. Remember that the answers to these question must take into account the time period for the test. If we have made a mistake or if you have the answer to an unanswered question, please email us at or post it to our Facebook page

Good Luck!

1870 Peoria High School Entrance Exam

To pass you must answer at least 45 out of 60 questions correctly


1. Spell the following words.


  • miscellany

  • discernment

  • malleable

  • crescent

  • necessary

  • beneficence

  • supersede

  • etymology

  • ridiculous

  • hygiene

  • achievement

  • synonymous

  • transcendental

  • analysis

  • privilege

  • velocipede

  • liquefy

  • facetious

  • zephyr

  • grandeur


1. When the dividend, quotient and remainder are given how do you find the divisor? Define Least Common Multiple and give an example.
Turn the Quotient and Remainder into a fraction and then multiply the Dividend by that fraction to get the Divisor.

Least Common Multiple is the smallest positive integer that is a multiple of both a and b. For example the Least Common Multiple of 4 and 6 is 12.
2. Give the table of square measure. If the area of a rectangle is 568 feet, and the length of one side is 2 yards 2 feet, what is the length of the other side?
L x W = A   the other side would equal 71ft or 23yds 2ft.
3. Define a simple fraction. Divide the sum of ⅔ + (3 4/5÷6) + (1÷1 ⅓) by the difference
of 2 2/9 - 1/3 of 15/4.
A simple fraction is a rational number written as one integer (the numerator) divided by a non-zero integer (the denominator) such as 1/2.

2 4/175
4. What does 3.45 * .670 +245.73 - .045, divided by sixty seven thousandths equal?
5. What is the interest of $5.625 for 5 years, 7 months and 19 days, at 7 per cent?
Assuming annual interest it would be $2.20 approximately.
6. If goods costing $30 are sold for $35, what is the gain per cent? For what should the goods be sold to lose 33 ⅓ per cent?
1 1/6 per cent gain and the goods should be sold at $20 to lose 33 1/3 per cent.
7. If a rectangular field is 39 rods in width and 52 rods in length, what is the distance between diagonally opposite corners?
65 rods
8. If 10 horses eat 35 bushels of oats in 2 weeks, how many bushels will 14 horses eat in 3 weeks? Explain.
73.5 bushels

First figure out how many bushels 10 horses eat in 1 week by dividing 35 by 2. That equals 17.5 bushels. Next figure out how many bushels a week 1 horse eats by dividing 17.5 by 10. That equals 1.75 bushels. Now multiply 1.75 bushels by 14 horses to get how many bushels they would eat in a week. That is 24.5 bushels. Multiply that by 3 to get 73.5 bushels eaten in 3 weeks.
9. Using the Information below, what is due July 1st, 1871?
$500.00   Peoria, January 1st, 1870

For the value received, I promise to pay John Smith, or order, five hundred dollars, on demand with interest from date.


Charles Brown


June 4th 1870, $75.00
Dec. 1st 1870, $10.00
Feb. 15th 1871, $100.00


? [if you know the answer please let us know]
10. Paid $6 9/16 for 8 bu. of potatoes; what should I paid for 27 1/2 bushels? Perform and explain.
$22 143/256
Divide $6 9/16 by 8 to get the price per bushel, which is $105/128 per bushel. Now multiply $105/128 by 27 1/2 bushels to get $22 143/256.



1. What is limited monarchy? What is the basin of a river?
Constitutional monarchy (or limited monarchy) is a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the parameters of a constitution, whether it is a written, uncodified or blended constitution. This form of government differs from absolute monarchy in which an absolute monarch serves as the sole source of political power in the state and is not legally bound by any constitution.

River Basin –noun Physical Geography
the area of land drained by a river and its branches
Reference Source
Wikipedia 06/8/11
2. How many are the States of the United States? Which is the largest? Which is the least? Which has the greatest population? Which the least?
37 States as of Nebraska’s admission to the Union on March 1st, 1867.

Largest state was Texas and the smallest being Rhode Island. The state with the largest population was New York with 4,382,759 people according to the 1870 census and Nevada being the least populous with 42,941 people according to the same census.
Reference Source
3. Name the principal productions of Florida; North Carolina; South Carolina; Vermont; Maine.
Maine-Commercial Fishing, Lumber, and Shipbuilding

Florida- Cattle and Agriculture

North Carolina- Tobacco, Cotton, General Agriculture Textiles and Furniture

South Carolina- Tobacco, Cotton, Other Agricultural Commodities (In reality between the Civil War, Sherman’s March and Reconstruction South Carolina was in general upheaval and wasn’t producing much of anything.)

Vermont- Dairy, Lumber, Marble and Granite Quarrying
Reference Source
4. Bound Alabama, locate its capital.
Alabama is border by Tennessee to the North, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the South, Georgia to the East, and the State of Mississippi to the West. Its capital is Montgomery.
5. Name the states of South America bordering the Pacific, and give their capitals.
Chile- Santiago
Columbia- Bogotá
Ecuador- Quito
Peru- Lima
6. Locate the White Sea; Black Sea; Yellow Sea; Sea of Arabia.
White Sea is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea located on the northwest coast of Russia.

Black Sea is an inland sea bounded by Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus and is ultimately connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas and various straits.

Yellow Sea is the northern part of the East China Sea, which is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean. It is located between mainland China and the Korean Peninsula.

Sea of Arabia (Arabian Sea) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui in northeastern Somalia and Kanyakumari in India.
Reference Source
7. What mountains in Utah? Cape Colony? Between Turkey and Austria? Between Turkestan and Afghanistan? Between Venezuela and Brazil?
Utah- The Wasatch Range

Cape Colony- Drakensberg Mountains

Turkey and Austria- Carpathian Mountains (Note Turkey was also the Ottoman Empire in 1800’s)

Turkestan and Afghanistan- Hindu Kush (Turkestan no longer exists and is now part of other countries in the region.)

Venezuela and Brazil- Guiana Highlands and Pacaraima Mountains
Reference Source,-showing-its-gt--poli,-Comprising-Turkestan,?qvq=w4s:/what/World+Atlas/where/Central+Asia/Afghanistan/;lc:RUMSEY~8~1&mi=0&trs=1
8. What river separates Oregon and Washington Territory? Argentine Confederation and Patagonia? What rivers flow into the Caspian Sea from the north? Describe the Niger.
Oregon and Washington Territory- The Columbia River

Argentine Confederation and Patagonia- Rio Negro

Caspian Sea- Ural and Volga Rivers

Niger- It runs in a crescent through Mali, Niger, on the border with Benin and then through Nigeria, discharging through a massive delta, known as the Niger Delta or the Oil Rivers, into the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.
Reference Source,-et-Detroit-de-Magellan,-?qvq=w4s:/what/World+Atlas/where/South+America/Argentina/;lc:RUMSEY~8~1&mi=24&trs=28
9. How does the climate of Western Europe compare with that of the Atlantic coast of United States in the same latitudes? What is the chief cause of this difference?
The climate is milder in comparison to other areas of the same latitude around the globe due to the influence of the Gulf Stream.
Reference Source
10. What islands are east of South Carolina? What cape is in the southern extremity of Nova Scotia? What lake is in Bolivia and Peru? What channel is between Ireland and Scotland? In what part of Australia are the gold regions?
South Carolina- Sea Islands

Nova Scotia- Cape Sable

Bolivia and Peru- Lake Titicaca

Ireland and Scotland- North Channel

Ausralia- Victoria
Reference Source,_Nova_Scotia



1. Write a sentence having a clause for its subject; a simple sentence containing an indirect and direct object; a sentence containing an abridged proposition.
? [if you know the answer please let us know]
2. Analyze “The man who came here yesterday, expected to leave by an early train this morning.”
? [if you know the answer please let us know]
3. Parse the words in italics in 2d question, and give a synopsis of expected in the indicative and potential moods, passive voice.
? [if you know the answer please let us know]
4. Give the principle parts of give, bear, bring, sit, and lay.
give- to give, giving, gave, given
bear- to bear, bear, born, borne
bring- to bring, bringing, brought, brought
lay- to lay, lay, laid, laid
Reference Source
5. Give participles and infinitives of give and lay; inflect the past-perfect tense, indicative mood, passive voice of bring.
give- gave, giving, give, to give
lay- laid, laying, lay, to lay
bring- had brought, brings, was brought
6. Write a sentence containing an attributive object; a sentence containing a compound adverbial element; a sentence containing a relative pronoun and its antecedent.
? [if you know the answer please let us know]
7. Parse words in italics:

“Nothing useless is, or low;
Each thing in its place is best;
And what seems like idle show;
Strengthens and supports the rest.”
? [if you know the answer please let us know]
8. Write a collective noun; an irregular transitive verb in the subjunctive mood, future-perfect tense, passive voice.
pride as in a pride of lions
Subjunctive Mood- I threw it
Future-perfect tense- Will have thrown
Passive voice- Was thrown
9. Compare little, many, near; decline which.
little, littler, littlest,
Many, more, most
Near, nearer, nearest
10. Correct the following sentences if the need correcting, and give reasons for correcting: - John is the tallest of two boys. Every scholar must do their work neatly. Him and me are going. He asked me if it would be pleasing to you and I. It was him who told me.
John is the taller of two boys.
Every scholar must do his work neatly.
He and I are going.
He asked me if it would be pleasing to you and me.
It was he who told me.



1. Name the principle discoveries made by the English in the New World; those made by the French; those by the Spanish.
England: Thirteen Colonies along the US East coast; parts of Canada; Bermuda; Bahamas; British Guiana; and Falkland Islands…

French: Most of central part of the U.S. and Canada; St. Martin; Guadeloupe; Haiti; and Martinique…

Spanish: Florida; the south-western part of the U.S.; Central America; Cuba; Santo Domingo; Puerto Rico; Columbia; Peru; Ecuador; Venezuela; Chile; Bolivia; Paraguay; Uruguay; and parts of Argentina...
Reference Source
2. From what country did the early settlers of New England come from? Of New York? Of Florida?
New England- England New York- Dutch Florida- Spain
Reference Source
3. When did the French and Indian War occur? Name the principle events of that war.
1754-1763. Both the French and British wanted control over the central part of North America. In 1754 Virginia militiamen, led by George Washington, went into the Ohio Valley to capture the French fort ‘Fort Duquesne’. Unable to do so he set up ‘Fort Necessity’, which was quickly over run by the French. The French, with help from their Native American allies, experience great success against the British and the colonist. In 1757 William Pitt, the English Prime Minister, was able to turn the tide by increasing the number of British soldiers, and laying out an overall strategy called Pitt’s Plan. In 1758 Fort Duquesne was captured. In 1759 Fort Niagara and Quebec were captured, with Montreal falling the following year. It should also be noted that Native American tribes fought on both sides of the war.
Reference Source
4. What was the Stamp Act and when was it passed? State what you can of the Boston Port Bill.
The Stamp Act of 1765 was a direct tax imposed by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America. The act required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London and carrying an embossed revenue stamp. These printed materials were legal documents, magazines, newspapers and many other types of paper used throughout the colonies.

Boston Port Bill-
A response to the Boston Tea Party, it outlawed the use of the Port of Boston (by setting up a barricade/ blockade) for "landing and discharging, loading or shipping, of goods, wares, and merchandise" until such time as restitution was made to the King's treasury (for customs duty lost) and to the East India Company for damages suffered. In other words, it closed Boston Port to all ships, no matter what business the ship had. Colonists objected that the Port Act punished all of Boston rather than just the individuals who had destroyed the tea, and that they were being punished without having been given an opportunity to testify in their own defense. All the citizens of Boston were angered including the Loyalists and Patriots (otherwise known as Whigs and Tories) and they all sought for aid from the other colonies.

As the Port of Boston was a major source of supplies for the citizens of Massachusetts, sympathetic colonies as far away as South Carolina sent relief supplies to the settlers of Massachusetts Bay. This was the first step in the unification of the thirteen colonies. The First Continental Congress was convened in Philadelphia on September 5, 1774, to coordinate a colonial response to the Port Act and the other Coercive Acts.
Reference Source
5. Name the principal events of the Revolutionary War during the year 1777.
In September and October were the battles of Saratoga where the Continental Army beat British General Burgoyne. With his surrender the French to openly ally themselves with the Colonies.

In September British General Howe was successfully in capturing Philadelphia. Washington decides to camp in Valley Forge during the winter where the Prussian Baron von Steuben trained the Continental Army in the most advanced Prussian tactics of day.
6. Where is Yorktown? Give an account of the siege of Yorktown and its consequences.
Yorktown is in Virginia and in 1781 was a decisive victory by a combined assault of American forces led by General George Washington and French forces led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by Lieutenant General Lord Cornwallis. The culmination of the Yorktown campaign, it proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War in North America, as the surrender of Cornwallis' army prompted the British government eventually to negotiate an end to the conflict.
Reference Source
7. Name the four distinguished foreigners who assisted the Americans, and the countries from which they came.
(did not know which they wanted)

Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben from Prussia
Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de La Fayette from France
Casimir Pulaski from Poland
Louis Lebègue Duportail from France
Johann Kalb from Hüttendorf
Charles Armand Tuffin, marquis de la Rouërie from France
Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier de Laumoy from France

8. Name the Presidents who have been reelected. Name those that have died in office. Who completed the term of each?
George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln. (Note Ulysses S. Grant was serving his first term at the time of this test.)

Died In Office-
William Henry Harrison his term was completed by John Tyler
Zachary Taylor his term was completed by Milliard Fillmore
Abraham Lincoln his term was completed by Andrew Johnson
9. State the causes of Mexican War. When it did end? What territory did we acquire by it, and who were the two principal American generals?
The US-Mexican War was from April 25, 1846 – February 2, 1848 was mostly a dispute over land near the Texas-Mexico border. The US annexed the recently independent Texas in 1845 which aggravated Mexico as they were attempting to reclaim it. The US stationed an army at the Rio Grande River citing it as the border while Mexico claimed the Nueces River and later all of Texas. Meanwhile John C Fremont was fomenting rebellion in California and the US moved its navy to blockade its ports. The two principal US Generals were Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott.
Reference Source
10. Give an account of General Grant’s operations in the West during the war of Great Rebellion.
General Grant began the Great Rebellion in Cairo, Illinois and was charged with shaking up the Southern Army and proceeded to attack Fort Belmont on Nov. 7th, 1861. While he does capture the fort he is not able to hold it, however this action does embolden the Union army in the West and he and the Union Navy proceeds to capture Fort Henry and Fort Donelson. The Southern Army in the West sees Grant’s Army as growing problem and tries to crush it. On April 6th, 1862 Grant’s army fights the Battle of Shiloh one of the costliest engagements of the Civil War. Grant was ultimately victorious, but was briefly demoted as punishment for the high casualty battle. Eventually he’s reinstated and proceeds to take Vicksburg, main Confederate fort on the Mississippi River. After several attempts at crossing the Mississippi and a long siege of Vicksburg the fort finally surrenders to Grant’s army. After this victory President Lincoln puts him in charge of the newly formed Division of Mississippi. Grant then orchestrates the relief of the besieged Army of Cumberland at Chattanooga, where the Army of the Potomac, Cumberland and his Division of Mississippi routed the Confederate army. The resultant fame from that battle leads Lincoln to promote Grant to Lt. General and put him in charge of entire Union Army.
Reference Source


End of Test


Source: Units of Measure Used



Units of length
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 inch (in) 2.54 cm
1 foot (ft) 12 in 0.3048 m
1 yard (yd) 3 ft 0.9144 m
1 mile (mi) 1760 yd 1.609344 km
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 link (li) 33⁄50 ft or 7.92 in 0.2011684 m
1 (survey) foot (ft)) 1200⁄3937 m 0.3048006 m
1 rod (rd) 25 li or 16.5 ft 5.029210 m
1 chain (ch) 4 rd 20.11684 m
1 furlong (fur) (ft)) 10 ch 201.1684 m
1 survey (or statute) mile[7] (mi) 8 fur 1.609347 km
1 league (lea) 3 mi 4.828042 km
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 fathom (ftm) 2 yd 1.8288 m
1 cable (cb) 120 ftm or 1.091 fur 219.456 m
1 nautical mile (NM or nmi) 8.439 cb or 1.151 mi 1.852 km


Units of Area
Unit Units of Area SI Equivalent
1 square survey foot (sq ft or ft2) 144 square inches 0.09290341 m2
1 square chain (sq ch) or (ch2) 4356 feet2 (survey) or 16 sq rods/TD> 404.6873 m2
1 acre 43560 sq ft (survey) or 10 sq ch 4046.873 m2
1 section 640 acres or 1 sq mi (survey) 2.589998 km2
1 survey township (twp) 36 sections or 4 sq leagues 93.23993 km2


Units of capacity and volume
Volume in general
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 cubic inch (cu in) or (in3) 16.387064 mL[11]
1 cubic foot (cu ft) or (ft3) 1728 cu in 28.31685 L
1 cubic yard (cu yd) or (yd3) 27 cu ft 764.559 L, 0.7645549 m3
1 acre foot (acre ft) 43560 cu ft, 1613.333 cu yd 1.233482 ML, 1233.482 m3
Liquid volume
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 minim (min) ~ 1 drop or 0.95 grain of water 61.61152 μL
1 US fluid dram (fl dr) 60 min 3.696691 mL
1 teaspoon (tsp) 80 min 4.928921 mL
1 tablespoon (Tbsp) 3 tsp or 4 fl dr 14.78676 mL
1 US fluid ounce (fl oz) 2 Tbsp or 1.041 oz av of water 29.57353 mL
1 jigger (jig) 3 Tbsp 44.36028 mL
1 US gill (gi) 4 fl oz 118.2941 mL
1 US cup (cp) 2 gi or 8 fl oz 236.5882 mL
1 (liquid) US pint (pt) 2 cp or 16.65 oz av of water 473.1765 mL
1 (liquid) US quart (qt) 2 pt 0.9463529 L
1 (liquid) US gallon (gal) 4 qt or 231 cu in 3.785412 L
1 (liquid) barrel (bbl) 31.5 gal or 1⁄2 hogshead 119.2405 L
1 oil barrel (bbl) 42 gal or 2⁄3 hogshead 158.9873 L
1 hogshead 63 gal or 8.421875 cu ft or 524.7 lb of water 238.4810 L
Dry volume
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 (dry) pint (pt) 33.60 cu in 0.5506105 L
1 (dry) quart (qt) 2 pt 1.101221 L
1 (dry) gallon (gal) 4 qt or 268.8025 cu in 4.404884 L
1 peck (pk) 2 gal 8.809768 L
1 bushel (bu) 4 pk or 1.244 cu ft 35.23907 L
1 (dry) barrel (bbl) 7056 cu in or 3.281 bu 115.6271 L


Units of Mass
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 grain (gr) 1⁄7000 lb 64.79891 mg
1 dram (dr) 27 11⁄32 gr 1.771845 g
1 ounce (oz) 16 dr 28.34952 g
1 pound (lb) 16 oz 453.59237 g
1 US hundredweight (cwt) 100 lb 45.359237 kg
1 (short) ton 20 cwt or 2000 lb 907.18474 kg
Unit Divisions SI Equivalent
1 grain (gr) 1⁄7000 lb av or 1⁄5760 lb t 64.79891 mg
1 pennyweight (dwt) 24 gr or 7.777 carats 1.555174 g
1 troy ounce (oz t) 20 dwt 31.10348 g
1 troy pound (lb t) 12 oz t or 13.17 oz av 373.2417 g

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